Chloroplast DNA microsatellites reveal contrasting phylogeographic structure in mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King, Meliaceae) from Amazonia and Central America artículo Académico uri icon

abstracto

  • Big-leaf mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King) is one of the most valuable and overharvested timber trees of tropical America. In order to better characterize geographic patterns of genetic variation, we performed a phylogeographic analysis of S. macrophylla based on six polymorphic chloroplast genome simple sequence repeat loci (cpSSRs) analyzed in 16 populations (N = 245 individuals) distributed across Central America and the Brazilian Amazon. Of the 31 total cpDNA haplotypes identified, 16 occurred in Central America and 15 in Amazonia with no single haplotype shared between the two regions. Populations from Central America showed moderate differentiation (FST = 0.36) while within population genetic diversity was generally high (mean Nei's HE = 0.639). In contrast, the Amazonian populations were strongly differentiated (FST = 0.91) and contained relatively low genetic diversity (mean HE = 0.176), except for one highly diverse population (HE = 0.925) from eastern Amazonia. Spatial analysis of molecular variance (SAMOVA) identified a single Central American phylogroup and four Amazonian phylogroups, indicating stronger phylogeographic structure within Amazonia. The results demonstrate distinctive regional patterns of S. macrophylla differentiation, and the first evidence of a strong phylogeographic break between Central American and South American mahogany populations. We suggest that the frequent occurrence of hurricanes in Central America, the differences in the glacial histories and in the duration and intensity of anthropogenic disturbance during the late Holocene may have played important roles in the geographic structuring of cpDNA lineages in the two regions. The high private haplotype diversity in Brazilian populations suggests that cpSSRs can be used as DNA barcodes for regional timber certification. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.

fecha de publicación

  • 2010